Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) are designed to identify potential failure modes for a product or process, to assess the risk associated with those failure modes. The Failure Modes, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMEA) procedure is a tool that has been adapted in many different ways for many different purposes. It can contribute to improved designs for products and processes, resulting in higher reliability, better quality, increased safety, enhanced customer satisfaction and reduced costs. The RPN is an optional step that can be used to help priorities failure modes for action. It is calculated for each failure mode by multiplying the numerical ratings of the severity, probability and occurrence and the probability of detection. The failure modes that have the greatest RPN receive priority for corrective action. The RPN should not firmly dictate priority as some failure modes may warrant immediate action although their RPN may not rank among the highest. Actions to resolve failures may take the form of design improvements, changes in component selection, the inclusion of redundancy in the design, or incorporation design for safety aspects. In this project the potential failure mode, potential effect of failure , potential cause of failure for the equipment are to be identified using RPN method of FMEA and ranking of them are to be done.